10,402 Methods Seminar Doctorate of International Affairs and Political Economy (DIA) This is an advanced course on social science methods and research design. The objective is to sensitize doctoral students to the need for methodological sophistication in pursuit of warranted knowledge of social behavior. Although not exhaustive, the course introduces students to some of the most important methods of analysis. The strengths and weaknesses of various methods are discussed with an aim to identifying the most appropriate method for any given research question. The course is broken down into three related blocs. The first bloc deals with case study methods and qualitative analysis. The second bloc introduces econometric models and regression analysis. The third bloc familiarizes students with the comparative method and Boolean algebra. Requirements In addition to preparing the readings in advance of each session and actively participating in the class discussion, students will be required to write three short essays (maximum 2,000 words) critiquing the research design and method of a published scholarly work chosen from a list of journals provided by the instructors. The articles should roughly reflect the three broad methods discussed in this seminar: case studies, regression analysis and the comparative me-thod. Papers are due two weeks after the end of a bloc. Responsibles christine.benesch[at]unisg.ch daniele.caramani[at]unisg.ch james.davis[at]unisg.ch Bloc III The Comparative Method All participants must be familiar with: Caramani, D. (2009). Introduction to the Comparative Method with Boolean Algebra (Sage, Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences). In addition, the texts indicated in the following are compulsory and must be read in advance of meetings. Each week these texts are presented by one or several participants to prepare the discussion. November 27, 2012 Introduction: Definition and Specificity of the Comparative Method Caramani: Read chapters 1, 2, 3. Lijphart, A. (1971). Comparative Politics and Comparative Method. American Political Sci-ence Review 65: 682-93. Przeworski, A. and H. Teune (1970). The Logic of Comparative Social Inquiry. New York: Wiley Interscience. Read chapters 1, 2. Ragin, C. (1987). The Comparative Method: Moving Beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Strategies. Berkeley: University of California Press. Read chapters 1-5. Skocpol, T. (1979). States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia and China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Read chapters 1, 2. Smelser, N. (1976). Comparative Methods in the Social Sciences. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Read Introduction. December 4, 2012 Cases and Variables Caramani: Read chapter 4. Collier, D. and J. Mahoney (1996). Insights and Pitfalls: Selection Bias in Qualitative Re-search. World Politics 49: 56-91. Ebbinghaus, B. (2005). When Less is More: Selection Problems in Large-N and Small-N Cross-National Comparison. International Sociology 20: 133-52. Geddes, B. (1990). How the Cases You Choose Affect the Answers You Get: Selection Bias in Comparative Politics. Political Analysis 2: 131-50. Mahoney, J. and G. Goerz (2004). The Possibility Principle: Choosing Negative Cases in Comparative Research. American Political Science Review 98: 653-69. December 11, 2012 Comparability, Control, and Causation Caramani: Read chapter 5. Lijphart, A. (1975). The Comparable-Cases Strategy in Comparative Research. Com-parative Political Studies 8: 158-77. Sartori, G. (1970). Concept Misformation in Comparative Politics. American Political Science Review 65: 1033-53. Collier, D. and J. Mahon (1993). Conceptual Stretching Revisited: Alternative Views of Categories in Comparative Analysis. American Political Science Review. De Meur, G. and D. Berg-Schlosser (1994). Comparing Political Systems: Establishing Similarities and Dissimilarities. European Journal of Political Research 26: 193-219. December 18, 2012 Hypothesis-Testing and Boolean Algebra Caramani: Read chapter 6. Braumoeller, B. and G. Goertz (2000). The Methodology of Necessary Conditions. American Journal of Political Science 44: 844-58. Lieberson, S. (1994). More on the Uneasy Case for Using Mill-Type Methods in Small-N Comparative Studies. Social Forces 72: 1225-37. Mahoney, J. (2000). Strategies of Causal Inference in Small-N Analysis. Sociological Methods and Research 28: 387-424. Ragin, C. (1987). The Comparative Method: Moving Beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Strategies. Berkeley: University of California Press. Read chapters 8, 9. Journals for bloc paper: International journals: Comparative European Politics, Comparative Political Studies, Comparative Politics, Electoral Studies, European Journal of Political Re-search, West European Politics. National journals: American Political Science Review, British Political Science Journal, Scandinavian Political Studies, Swiss Political Science Review. A more extensive list of papers to be criticised in the essay for this bloc can be found under www.compasss.org. Course organisation The course meets every on Tuesday at 16.15–18.00 in room 22-107.